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  Montenegro

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Basic information

Year of approval of the
SD strategy and updates

The Government of Montenegro adopted the National Strategy for Sustainable Development (NSSD) in April 2007, together with a corresponding Action Plan (AP) for the period of 2007-2012.

 

Since then, the Government adopted five annual reports on the NSSD implementation:

First Annual Report in October 2008,

Second Annual Report in December 2009,

Third Annual Report in October 2011,

Forth Annual Report in Jun 2012,

Fifth Annual Report in July 2013.

 

All the reports have been prepared by the Direction for Mediterranean Affairs in the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (formerly the Office for Sustainable Development - OSD).

 

National Strategy on Sustainable Development until 2030 has been adopted by the Government of Montenegro in July 2016.

Type of SD strategy

The National Strategy for Sustainable Development of Montenegro by 2030 (NSSD) is umbrella, horizontal and long-term development strategy of Montenegro that relates not only to environment and economics, but also to human resources and social capital that should ensure prosperous development. Positioned in such a way, this strategy gives answers to: identified unsustainable development trends; incompatible sectoral policies both between themselves and with the

NSSD, and also with environmental protection policy; institutional framework that is not compatible with necessities to implement sustainable development policies and with requirements of good governance; incompatibility of the system of public finance with the need for horizontal and vertical positioning of sustainable development priorities within national strategy policies, plans and programs, respectively incompatibility of actual actions with expressed political support and official decisions regarding sustainable development of Montenegro.

 

With the new NSSD the policy of sustainable development of Montenegro is being improved by establishing a comprehensive framework for national response to challenges that are being met on the way toward sustainable development of Montenegrin society until 2030, whilst taking into consideration implementation results of previous NSSD and requirements in the process of accession of Montenegro to the European Union. In this context, the new NSSD is at the same time setting the platform for transferring global goals and tasks defined by the UN Agenda 2030 into national frameworks. NSSD represents national answer to all 17 SDGs and 169 targets.

 

Drafting process of the NSSD by 2030 uses positive experiences from global and European processes as well as those from the Mediterranean region, and it is also based on the principles and recommendations of the Rio Declaration and Agenda 21, as well as of Declaration and implementation plan from Johannesburg. The NSSD also relies on the United Nations Millennium Declaration and on results of implementation of MDGs. Thereby it remains consistent with widely adopted definition of sustainable development from the Brundtland report, where the meaning of sustainable development is defined as “development which meets the needs of current generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”.

Lead ministry/institution in
the SD strategy process

The Direction for Mediterranean Affairs in the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (formerly the Office for Sustainable Development) oversees the process of monitoring the implementation of the NSSD.

 

The National Council for Sustainable Development, Climate Changes and Integrated Coastal Zone Management (NCSDCCICZM) of Montenegro deliberates the reports on the NSSD implementation and gives final recommendations before the reports are sent to the Government for adoption.

Link to the SD strategy
document

NSSD: http://www.kor.gov.me/en/sections/national-strategy-for-sustainable-development/92859/157161.html

First annual report on implementation of NSSD: http://www.kor.gov.me/en/sections/national-strategy-for-sustainable-development/92861/177457.html

Second annual report on implementation of NSSD: http://www.kor.gov.me/en/sections/national-strategy-for-sustainable-development/97436/Second-Annual-Report-on-the-Implementation-of-NSSD.html

Third annual report on implementation of NSSD: http://www.kor.gov.me/rubrike/nacionalna-strategija-odrzivog-razvoja/117392/Third-Annual-Report-on-implementation-of-NSSD.html

Forth annual report on implementation of NSSD: http://www.mrt.gov.me/odrzivi/odrzivi-nacionalna-strategija/129428/Nacionalna-strategija-odrzivog-razvoja-Crne-Gore-2007-2012.html

Fifth annual report on implementation of NSSD: http://www.mrt.gov.me/odrzivi/odrzivi-nacionalna-strategija/129428/Nacionalna-strategija-odrzivog-razvoja-Crne-Gore-2007-2012.html

Millennium Development Goals: http://www.mrt.gov.me/odrzivi/odrzivi-milenijumski/121016/Rezime-Milenijumski-razvojni-ciljevi.html

Report on Millenium Development Goals in Montenegro 2010-2013: http://www.mrt.gov.me/odrzivi/odrzivi-milenijumski/121016/Rezime-Milenijumski-razvojni-ciljevi.html

 

The link to the new Strategy is http://www.mrt.gov.me/en/library/strategije?alphabet=lat

Further information about
the SD strategy process

 

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National Implementation of 2030 Agenda for SD

 

 

The Government of Montenegro is in the process of revision of existing National Strategy of Sustainable Development (NSSD). Namely, the first National Strategy of Sustainable Development of Montenegro adopted in 2007 was a step towards making an effort to materialize and make concrete the declarative commitment of Montenegro to be an ecological state. Since its adoption, the NSSD has been revised in the evaluation process in its part containing the Action Plan when a number of goals, measures and related indicators were revised, which was done in accordance with the reports on implementation and progress made by other programmes, and also in accordance with their results that had been achieved in Montenegro in the meantime. Since the time-frame for implementation of the Action Plan of this Strategy has expired and since many changes have taken place in Montenegro in the meantime, particularly in terms of reforms related to EU integration and harmonization of national legislation with the EU Acquis, and also given that new sustainable development programmes and initiatives have been launched at the national and international levels, conditions are in place for revision of the NSSD which needs to be harmonized with the new policies and strategies, especially global intergovernmental process of defining Post 2015 Agenda.  

 

The process of development of the new NSSD was initiated after Rio+20 Conference. Drafting process is coordinated and technically supervised by the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism, i.e. it is supervised by the National Council for Sustainable Development, climate Changes and Integrated Coastal Zone Management. The Platform for NSSD 2015-2020 has been developed, but it was identified that additional researches/analysis were needed and it influenced redefining of dynamics and methodology of further revision of the NSSD for the period after 2015. The National Council has approved redefined Outline which has seven chapters and defines following questions:

 

1.    Why do we revise the NSSD MNE?

2.    In what way are policies relevant for sustainable development implemented?

3.    International framework that is relevant for development of the NSSD MNE for the period after 2015 in the context of identifying needs and priorities of sustainable development in Montenegro in the coming period

4.    Methodology for developing the NSSD MNE for the period after 2015

5.    Vision of and guidelines on sustainable development of Montenegro (NSSD MNE for the period after 2015)

6.    Priority directions and related general sustainable development goals of Montenegro (NSSD MNE for the period after 2015)

7.    Priority topics and matters related to sustainable development in Montenegro for the period after 2015

8.    Action Plan

9.    Management Plan for Implementation of the NSSD for the period after 2015

10.  Project Portfolio of the Action Plan

11.  Financing Sustainable Development Policy

 

The draft of the new NSSD has been prepared, but it is also important to include results of ongoing global process of Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals which will shape national policies on sustainable development. NSSD will define the dynamic for implementation of the plan for SDGs, related target and indicators, successive integration into national statistical and monitoring and reporting system  in a way to enable full harmonization with SDG platform until 2020 and establish the NSSD implementation monitoring based on SDGs in 2021. It is expected that NSSD will be adopted by the Government by the end of June 2016.

 

 

Leading Ministry and
respective unit

Direction for Mediterranean Affairs

General directorate for climate changes and Mediterranean affairs

Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism

Other ministries involved [No information available]
Main contact point for the
implementation process

Direction for Mediterranean Affairs

General directorate for climate changes and Mediterranean affairs

Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism

Email: kor@mrt.gov.me

Links to main websites/
documents on national
implementation of the
2030 Agenda and SDGs

http://www.mrt.gov.me/en/library/strategije?alphabet=lat

Voluntary National Reviews

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/10695Montenegro%20-%20HLPF%20Report.pdf

 

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Mechanisms of Vertical Integration

National — sub-national linkages

Most of the measures prescribed in the NSSD are directed at the relevant national institutions, but the Action Plan (AP) also contains measures that address some of the local sustainable development issues.  

The Government’s Decision on the Establishment of the National Council for Sustainable Development, Climate Changes and Integrated Coastal Zone Management from November 2015envisages direct relationship between the NCSDCCICZM and the municipalities in the future process of forming local councils for sustainable development.

The Division for SD and ICZM has acted as the coordinator in this process, starting with the formation of the first Local Council and the Local strategy for SD for the municipality of Danilovgrad.

 

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Mechanisms of Horizontal Integration

Ministry in charge: The first National Strategy of Sustainable Development of Montenegro (hereinafter: NSSD) adopted in 2007 was a step towards making an effort to materialize and make concrete the declarative commitment of Montenegro to be an ecological state. In the period of its drafting, it relied on the guidelines and goals set in strategic documents of that time, such as the Directions for Development of Montenegro as an Ecological State, Development and Poverty Reduction Strategy and other strategies at the national level, as well as on the Mediterranean Strategy of Sustainable Development (MSSD), conclusions reached at the two global summits on sustainable development and their key documents (1992 and 2002) and on other instruments for achievement of sustainable development. Since its adoption, the NSSD has been revised in the evaluation process in its part containing the Action Plan when a number of goals, measures and related indicators were revised, which was done in accordance with the reports on implementation and progress made by other programmes, and also in accordance with their results that had been achieved in Montenegro in the meantime. Since the time-frame for implementation of the Action Plan of this Strategy has expired and since many changes have taken place in Montenegro in the meantime, particularly in terms of reforms related to EU integration and harmonization of national legislation with the EU Acquis, and also given that new sustainable development programmes and initiatives have been launched at the national and international levels, conditions are in place for revision of the NSSD which needs to be harmonized with the new policies and strategies, especially global intergovernmental process of defining Post 2015 Agenda.  

Stakeholder consultations: The horizontal integration is also assisted by the work of the National Council for Sustainable Development, Climate Changes and Integrated Coastal Zone Management, which was established by the Government in 2002 as a cross-sectoral advisory body on the issues of sustainable development. Since its establishment, the National Council for Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Integrated Coastal Zone Management (NCSDCCICZM) has been chaired by the Prime Minister and composed of representatives of different societal stakeholders. After reforms in 2006, 2008 and 2013 and finally 2015 mandate of the Council as well as in the methods of its work (by introducing the possibility for the Council to set up working groups for specific topics) has been broaden .

In June 2016, the Council will have its first session in the renewed structure. The revised Council will focus more closely on the issue of resource efficiency, climate change and integrated coastal zone management, which is reflected in the change of its name – National Council for Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Integrated Coastal Zone Management. Council is chaired by the President of Montenegro and it has 26 members. The composition of the Council is as follows:

  • President of Montenegro
  • 5 Ministers
  • 1 Representative of the Ministry of Finance
  • 2 Representatives of the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism (one of them is Head of the Division for the SD and ICZM as secretary of the Council and another one is Director General of the Directorate for Climate Changes),
  • Director of the Hydrometeorological Institute
  • Director of the Public Enterprise for Coastal Zone
  • 3 mayors (from three different regions of Montenegro),
  • 1 representative of the Academia
  • 3 members of the business sector
  • 1 representative of syndicate
  • 1 representative of the investors
  • 1 representative of banks
  • 2 representatives of civil sector
  • 3 independent experts (for sustainable development, climate change and integrated coastal zone management)

The Council has 3 working groups:

  • WG for revision and monitoring the implementation of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development;
  • WG Sustainable Management of Resources;
  • WG for mitigation and adaptation to Climate Changes.
  • Forth working group on integrated coastal zone management is in the process of establishment.

It is expected that the next session of the Council will be held in June 2016.

 

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Evaluation and Review

The main institution in charge of the process of NSSD evaluation and review is the Direction for Mediterranean Affairs in the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism. Direction is also Secretariat to the National Council for Sustainable Development, Climate Changes and Integrated Coastal Zone Management.

 

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Indicators and Monitoring

Within the process of development of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development of Montenegro until 2030 special attention was given to the development of the indicators. In this regards, it is very important to harmonize with Agenda for Sustainable Development until 2030 which will shape national policies on sustainable development. NSSD will define the dynamic for implementation of the plan for SDGs, related target and indicators, successive integration into national statistical and monitoring and reporting system  in a way to enable full harmonization with SDG platform until 2020 and establish the NSSD implementation monitoring based on SDGs in 2021. 

It is expected that the National Strategy on Sustainable Development of Montenegro until 2030 will be adopted by the Government by the end of June 2016. 

 

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Participation

The process of preparing and drafting the NSSD of Montenegro until 2030 lasted for almost 3 years and was set up in such a way as to enable interaction and exchange of information between different components and stakeholders in the process.

 

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Sub-national activities

In 2010, the municipality of Danilovgrad became the first local authority in Montenegro to institutionally define a sustainable development model, as well as to identify long-term priorities based on the balance of economic, social and ecological needs of its society. Municipality established the first Local Council for Sustainable Development in Montenegro (the inaugural session was held in December 2010) as well as prepared the first Local Strategy of Sustainable Development ) together with the Action plan for the implementation of LSSD (both documents were adopted by the local parliament).

 

An important development has emerged recently when National Council supported the adoption of Local Action Plan for Sustainable Development of the Capital city Podgorica in June 2017.

 

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This Country Profile has been last updated on: Friday, 27 April 2018

For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.

 

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