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Single country profile

  Hungary

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Basic information

Year of approval of the
SD strategy and updates

The National Development Agency, in partnership with the Ministry of Environment and Water, has prepared the first National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS). In June 2007, it was adopted by the Government. In autumn 2007, the NSDS was discussed in the Parliament. The Parliament decided on the establishment of the National Council for Sustainable Development, which was established in autumn of 2008. The Council prepared a report about the sustainability status of Hungary, entitled “Searching for the future”. (http://www.nfft.hu/dynamic/Jovokereso_Hosszu_Screen.pdf, only in Hungarian). Based on it the Parliament adopted a decree on the renewing process of NSDS. The new National Sustainable Development Framework Strategy (NSDFS) was prepared in a wide based public consultation process during 2011 and 2012. The National Council for Sustainable Development (NCSD) adopted the document in May 2012 and tabled it to the Parliament in November 2012.In March 2013, the Hungarian Parliament adopted the new National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development in Hungary for the period 2012-24.

Type of SD strategy

Framework strategy

Lead ministry/institution in
the SD strategy process

National Council for Sustainable Development (http://nfft.hu/)

Ministry of Agriculture (http://www.kormany.hu/en/ministry-of-agriculture)

Link to the SD strategy
document

National Sustainable Development Framework Strategy of Hungary (2013): Resolution 18/2013. (28th March) of the Parliament on the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development

and

National Sustainable Development Framework Strategy of Hungary (2013) full strategy: http://nfft.hu/assets/NFFT-ENG-web.pdf

Further information about
the SD strategy process

Searching for the future - the report of the National Council for Sustainable Development.

Strategic Environmental Assessment of NSDFS.

There is a regulation to prepare the review of the NSDFS implementation in every two years. After the first two years of the NSDFS implementation, preparation of ‘Review of the NSDFS for 2012-2014 years’ is actually in progress and will be finished in Autumn 2015. Several participants (NCSD, Ministry of Agriculture, NGOs, other stakeholders) are contributing to the review process. 

Resoulution of the NFFT (National Council for Sustanable Development, Hungary) on TTIP.

 

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National Implementation of 2030 Agenda for SD

[No information available]

 

Leading Ministry and
respective unit
[No information available]
Other ministries involved [No information available]
Main contact point for the
implementation process
[No information available]
Links to main websites/
documents on national
implementation of the
2030 Agenda and SDGs
[No information available]
Voluntary National Reviews [No information available]

 

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Mechanisms of Vertical Integration

National — sub-national linkages

Sub-national levels were involved in the general consultation process of preparing the NSDS 2007 and the renewed Strategy. Several round-table discussions were held in order to involve stakeholder groups. An internet connection also provided opportunities to give opinions, suggestions, etc.

A report – “Searching for the future”– and the National Sustainable Development Framework Strategy were prepared by the National Council for Sustainable Development with contribution of several experts and stakeholder groups. Organisations delegating Council members also gave many inputs and were involved in the public debate.

EU linkages

The renewed EU Strategy for Sustainable Development (EU SDS) that was adopted in June 2006 foresees that Member States bi-annually report about how they address the priorities of the EU SDS. Hungary has published its first national report on implementing the EU SDS in summer 2007.

The National Sustainable Development Framework Strategy is taking into consideration the EU Strategy for Sustainable Development and it includes references from the EU SDS.

 

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Mechanisms of Horizontal Integration

The National Council for Sustainable Development was established as an individual institution of the Hungarian Parliament, by five-party consensus, in the autumn of 2008. Its members including politicians, representatives of economic and scientific life, churches, trade unions and civil society. The chair person of the Council is the current Speaker of the Parliament. 

The guidance document for preparing the Hungarian NSDS points out that, during the decision-making process (e.g. legislative, investment, budget, institutions or governmental issues in a broader sense) all important social and environmental factors have to be considered beside the long-term effects.

All Government ministries were involved in the development of the old and the renewed NSDS and could comment on early drafts. In the renewing process all ministries had opportunity either to have delegate in a working group, on the other hand Ministry of Rural Development collected the written comments and sent to the Council.

 

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Evaluation and Review

The Report by NCSD, “Searching for the future” gives a critical overview of the situation of the country from SD point of view. The new National Sustainable Development Framework Strategy has an overview part about the recent situation of the 4 main resources (human, social, environmental and economic).

The Council has to make a report of the implementation of the Strategy to the Parliament in every two year, firstly in 2015.

 

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Indicators and Monitoring

The environmental department of the Hungarian Central Statistical Office (CSO) contributed to the publication, “Indicators of Sustainable Development and Changes in Hungary in the Frame of EU Indicators”, that was published by the Ministry of Environment and Water in 2004. This publication was in compliance with the recommendations of the UN and aimed at presenting the main goal of applying SD indicators and monitoring SD Hungary. Since 2006, CSO publishes its collected data collection on SD issues that was based on an SD indicator set (155 indicators all together) elaborated by Eurostat. CSO also took part in the preparation process for the old NSDS and in the development of the related indicator set. The national Sustainability Basic Indicator System (SBIS) is based on two pillars: (i) implementation of the EU sustainability indicator system on a strong and detailed methodological basis, elaborated together with Eurostat; and (ii) headline indicators to communicate information on SD to the wider public. Latest publication, “Indicators of sustainable development for Hungary, 2014” was published this year, in 2015. (Available only in Hungarian: http://www.ksh.hu/docs/hun/xftp/idoszaki/fenntartfejl/fenntartfejl14.pdf).

 

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Participation

In the framework of the public participation process in developing the NSDS 2007 (based on a Government decree), the strategy and a related structured questionnaire were made available on the homepage of the National Development Agency and the Ministry of Environment and Water. An email with the request for participation in this process had been sent to several hundred professionals, interest representing and social organizations, as well as to representatives of the economic, local governmental, and civil spheres. Moreover, a four-round panel discussion series had also been organized. Almost 100 organizations had been invited to the panel discussions. The draft NSDS 2007 was then discussed, amongst others, with the Nationwide Regional Development Civil Interest Reconciliation Forum and the Nationwide Regional Development Council.

In the preparation of the renewed National Sustainable Development Framework Strategy (NSDFS) many research institute and university department took part, public participation was organised in three phase. 

Opinions were submitted via the homepage of the National Council for Sustainable Development or by e-mail. Strategic Environmental Assessment has also been carried out for the NSDFS.

For a detailed documentation of all advisory and participatory councils (for SD and/or the environment) in this country, please go to the EEAC website at For a detailed documentation of all advisory and participatory councils (for SD and/or the environment) in this country, please go to the EEAC website and click on one of the listed institutions. and click on one of the listed institutions.

 

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Sub-national activities

From 1st January 2015 a new department, the Environmental Sustainability Directorate is operating in the Office of the President of the Republic, led by Mr. Csaba Kőrösi, former UN Ambassador.

Civil society and scientific research groups have significant activity – workshops, programmes - in connection with sustainable development, also include in different fields of interest eg. green economy, energy, agriculture, social dimensions. Civil society is very much involved in training and education about sustainable development.

Even companies, several institutions or government institutions are started to initiate the implementation of their own SD strategy (e.g.: Sustainability Plan for the Ministry of Agriculture).

 

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This Country Profile has been last updated on: Tuesday, 12 April 2016

For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.

 

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