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  Hungary

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Basic information

Year of approval of the
SD strategy and updates

The first National Sustainable Development Strategy (NSDS) of Hungary was accepted by the government in June 2007. The main objective of the National Sustainable Development Strategy is to help shift domestic social, economic, and environmental processes (these priority fields are equal to the dimensions of the SD), i.e. Hungary’s development onto a path that is sustainable in medium and long-term, taking into account both domestic realities and external and global processes and conditions. The Strategy has been worked out with a view to the guiding principles and key objectives laid out in the EU’s Sustainable Development Strategy. Since Hungary’s Strategy integrates domestic sectors, it is coherent with the goals of sectoral strategies and programmes.

 

After the establishment of the National Council for Sustainable Development by the National Assembly in 2008, the Parliament also adopted a decree on the renewing process of NSDS. The renewed SD strategy was prepared in a wide based public consultation process from 2009 to 2012. In March 2013, the Hungarian Parliament adopted the new National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development (NFSSD) for the period 2012-24. However the adaptation of this national framework strategy was earlier than the adaptation of the Agenda 2030 (the Sustainable Development Goals) by the UN’s General Assembly. The Hungarian national SD framework strategy is containing all relevant implementation linkages to the SDG’s. The compliance was analysed in the 2015 Progress Report of the NFSSD.

Type of SD strategy

Framework strategy

Lead ministry/institution in
the SD strategy process

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade is responsible for Hungary's Agenda 2030 policy

 

Prime Minister’s Office

Ministry of Innovation and Technology

Parliament –incumbent speaker chairs the SD Council

National Council for Sustainable Development (NFTT)

National Economic and Social Council of Hungary (NGTT)

Link to the SD strategy
document

National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development : http://www.nfft.hu/documents/127649/1361679/NFFT-ENG-web.pdf/f692c792-424d-4f5a-9f9d-9e6200303148

Further information about
the SD strategy process

The National Sustainable Development Framework sets out 34 strategic objectives and 77 instruments until 2024.

The National Council for Sustainable Development [NFFT] conducts biennial Monitoring Report on the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development. The first Monitoring Report (2013-2014) (http://www.nfft.hu/documents/127649/1361683/33c8f176-03e7-4762-8000-e65fd3a894f0.pdf/84d79fe7-12d7-475e-b15f-f582867c6c6d) assesses the implementation of all relevant SDGs in Hungary and their compliance with the already existing Hungarian National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development. The assessment resulted that all of the relevant SDGs has compliant Hungarian national targets or goals allocated in the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development of Hungary. The Second Monitoring Report (http://www.nfft.hu/documents/127649/1361683/NFFS_2EHJ_vegso_2018_ENG_ZB.pdf/f0003219-0ea9-b979-d108-c20a0347a975) on the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development was published in 2017.

 

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National Implementation of 2030 Agenda for SD

[No information available]

 

Leading Ministry and
respective unit

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade is responsible for Hungary's Agenda 2030 policy

Other ministries involved

Prime Minister’s Office

Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Innovation and Technology

Parliament –incumbent speaker chairs the SD Counci

Main contact point for the
implementation process

Department of International Organizations - Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade of Hungary

e-mail: ensz@mfa.gov.hu

Links to main websites/
documents on national
implementation of the
2030 Agenda and SDGs

The Sustainable Development Committee of the Hungarian Parliament is a stationary panel of the Hungarian Parliament. Further, the National Council for Sustainable Development [NFFT] is an independent national advisory body of the Hungarian Parliament. Both organizations are involved in the implementation of the SDGs in Hungary. The SDGs are directly linked to the Hungarian National Sustainability Targets, and such as the holistic implementation of both issues are assigned to both organizations.

 

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/memberstates/hungary +

 

http://www.kormany.hu/en/ministry-of-agriculture/news/the-realisation-of-sustainable-development-goals-in-hungary

 

http://sdgtoolkit.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Agenda-2030-Sustainable-Development-Goals-Proposals-for-Successful-Implementation-in-Hungary.pdf

Voluntary National Reviews

Voluntary National Review of Hungary on the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda. Transformation towards sustainable and resilient societies. – 2018 https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/20137Voluntary_National_Review_of_Hungary_v2.pdf

 

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Mechanisms of Vertical Integration

National — sub-national linkages

During the preparatory process of the first as well as the current NSDS, all Ministries were involved. Every department was able to comment on the drafts of both documents at an early stage. During the preparation of the second NSDS, Ministries could choose to either join the preparatory working group or react on draft texts.

The process was coordinated by the Ministry of Rural Development. By organizing this process, Hungary attempted to ensure horizontal integration. To promote vertical integration, a broad range of stakeholders was involved in the preparation of the NSDS. Regional round tables were organized in order to include the regional and local levels. To further support vertical integration, the NFFT played a central role in the preparatory process of the NSDS.

Monitoring of SDG implementation is performed through the SDG indicators and the bi-annual progress report of the NSDS.

EU linkages

The National Sustainable Development Framework Strategy is taking into consideration the EU Strategy for Sustainable Development and it includes references from the EU SDS.

 

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Mechanisms of Horizontal Integration

The National Council for Sustainable Development was established as an individual institution of the Hungarian Parliament, by five-party consensus, in the autumn of 2008. Its members including politicians, representatives of economic and scientific life, churches, trade unions and civil society. The chairperson of the Council is the current Speaker of the Parliament.

The guidance document for preparing the Hungarian NSDS points out that, during the decision-making process (e.g. legislative, investment, budget, institutions or governmental issues in a broader sense) all important social and environmental factors have to be considered beside the long-term effects.

All Government ministries were involved in the development of the old and the renewed NSDS and could comment on early drafts. In the renewing process all ministries had opportunity either to have delegate in a working group, on the other hand Ministry of Rural Development collected the written comments and sent to the Council.

 

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Evaluation and Review

The National Council for Sustainable Development [NFFT] conducts bi-annual Monitoring Report on the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development.

The first Monitoring Report (2013-2014) assesses the implementation of all relevant SDGs in Hungary and their compliance with the already existing Hungarian National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development (Annex 2). The assessment resulted that all of the relevant SDGs has compliant Hungarian national targets or goals allocated in the National Framework Strategy on Sustainable Development of Hungary. The second evaluation report covers the period of 2015 – 2016 and was published at the end of 2017.

http://www.nfft.hu/web/ncsd/documents

 

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Indicators and Monitoring

The Hungarian Central Statistical Office (KSH) has developed a National Sustainability Basic Indicator System in tandem with NFFT (2016 Indicators).

Further, biennial Progress Report on NSDS monitors through indicators, qualitative analysis and by reviewing social responses and actions implemented in the past two years. The 2nd monitoring report was adopted by NFFT on 07/12/2017.

 

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Participation

-          In the preparation of the renewed NSDS many research institute and university department submitted opinions.

-          NGOs are primarily engaged in SD policy through NFTT, which has been a highly active player for a decade.

-          Coalition of Humanitarian and Environmental NGOs published 'Agenda 2030: Proposals for Successful Implementation in Hungary' in 09/2015. This report recommends the government to:

·                    Ensure strategic coordination at governmental level, including for more efficient cooperation with social partners

·                    Assess to what extent National Framework Strategy for SD already encompasses SDG;

·                    Government must emphasise policy coherence for development

·                    Appropriate indicators and methodologies must be adopted

·                    Further awareness raising is required to engage stakeholders, especially in the fields of SD and development cooperation

 

-          Civil Roundtable for Sustainable Development Goals (http://ffcelok.hu/ )

-          HAND Association of NGOs for Development and Humanitarian Aid.

·                    Participation to project: Coherent Europe for Sustainable Development: Action for Policies that Will Make a Difference

-          National Society of Conservationists – Friends of the Earth Hungary.

V4SDG is a youth-led non-profit initiative aiming to promote action on the UN SDGs and consists of four states: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia. V4SDG organized its first conference in Budapest on 23-24 May 2018.

Opinions were submitted via the homepage of the National Council for Sustainable Development or by e-mail. Strategic Environmental Assessment has also been carried out for the NSDFS.

For a detailed documentation of all advisory and participatory councils (for SD and/or the environment) in this country, please go to the EEAC website at For a detailed documentation of all advisory and participatory councils (for SD and/or the environment) in this country, please go to the EEAC website and click on one of the listed institutions. and click on one of the listed institutions.

 

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Sub-national activities

From 1st January 2015 a new department, the Environmental Sustainability Directorate is operating in the Office of the President of the Republic, led by Mr. Csaba Kőrösi, former UN Ambassador.

 

Civil society and scientific research groups have significant activity – workshops, programmes - in connection with sustainable development, also include in different fields of interest eg. green economy, energy, agriculture, social dimensions. Civil society is very much involved in training and education about sustainable development.

 

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This Country Profile has been last updated on: Thursday, 31 January 2019

For the sources used in the country profiles, please click here.

 

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